NGOs (non-governmental organizations) – qualify as any non-profit, voluntary citizens' group which are organized on a local, national or international level, and include scientific bodies and public associations. These organizations are task-oriented and composed of people with a common interest; NGOs perform a variety of services and humanitarian functions, making citizen’s concerns to transparent to the government, along with advocating and monitoring policies, and encouraging political participation at a local level.
International non-profit organization – is an association made up of national public organizations, unions, groups and individuals from different countries, organized for a purpose of assistance in international cooperation concerning political, economic, cultural, scientific, and other spheres of human activities; an institution based not on intergovernmental agreement, and not profit-driven.
Third sector (III sector) – is a term that refers to a group of non-governmental organizations. The third sector is:
- Autonomous due to various sources of funding, which makes it relatively less dependent on government and businesses
- Non-commercial, non-profit
- Sector of voluntary activity (voluntary, optional), a great deal of the work used is performed by volunteers
- Philanthropic and charitable organizations make up a considerable part of the organization.
Public organization – is a term associated with the notion of “pro bono activities” – which are activities performed unselfishly and in a voluntary capacity, mostly regarding purposes that have public nature.
Civic organization – is a term that emphasizes the fact that organizations are created by the self-organization of citizens. The term also emphasizes civic position and citizens’ consciousness, which are united to solve problems. This is indirectly connected to the notion of subsidiarity.
Sustainable development – a type of development, which satisfies the needs of today without compromising the needs of future generations.
Training – a method of active learning, which is aimed at the acquisition of knowledge, skills, and competencies. Training is quite often used in cases when the desired result is not merely a way of information acquisition but also an application of acquired knowledge in practice
Training for trainers – is a specialized course for those, who already perform training or wants to begin training. As a rule, this kind of training covers teaching methodologies of training, ways of working in groups, responses to a negative or an unexpected reaction of members of the groups, and assessment of learning outcomes. The training is led by a highly-qualified and respected instructor, who, apart from a great experience, has his own projects and publications.
Consulting — a term that refers to producers, salespeople, and consumers advising on a variety of financial, judicial, technical, and professional issues. The aim of consulting is to assist management in achieving its desired goals. Consulting companies specialize in certain areas of activity (for example, financial, organizational, strategic).
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) – a concept by means of which companies integrate social and ecological problems in their business operations and their interactions with stakeholders on a voluntarily basis.